Periodontology or Periodontics is a specialty of dentistry that studies what we know as the gums. Periodontists are the doctors who go to an extra three years of dental school specifically to specialize in the treatment and prevention of periodontitis and gingivitis. It can be easily treated in its early stages, while in later stages, it can be controlled only with proper maintenance. Periodontal disease usually develops because of plaque build-up around the teeth and the bacteria that cause gum inflammation. If left untreated, the condition progresses and advances rapidly. It is essential to remove plaque from teeth to avoid gingivitis and gum disease. It is necessary to brush and floss daily, in addition to professional cleanings and regular dental exams, as part of prevention.
What are the signs and symptoms of periodontal disease?
The signs and symptoms of periodontal disease are as follows:
- Bleeding gums
- Swollen gums
- Sore Gums
- Receding gums
- Gaps between teeth
- Loose teeth
- Persisting bad breath
- Pus around the teeth and gums
What are the types of periodontal treatment procedures?
The common types of periodontal treatment procedures are:
Professional Cleaning: The periodontist uses ultrasonic instruments to remove any plaque or tartar build-up for effective care.
Scaling and Root Planing: The periodontist numbs your gums for this procedure to remove the plaque and tartar from below the gumline comfortably — this type of cleaning helps promote the healing of the gums.
Antibiotic Therapy: Oral or localized antibiotics might be prescribed to reduce inflammation and help combat bacteria.
Laser Gum Therapy: Laser therapy helps in reducing gum pocket depth and removes bacteria. Laser technology also promotes faster healing.
Grafting and Tissue Regeneration: For gum rejuvenation, the Pinhole Surgical Technique is a minimally invasive treatment option. The recovery is better and long-lasting.
An analysis of the bacteria in the mouth can be revealed through salivary diagnostic testing. This testing technology helps provide early detection of oral pathogens, personalization of periodontal treatment and identifies related systemic health risks.
Call us (630) 529-0303 or schedule an online appointment with our periodontist in Bloomingdale, Dr. Wen Lu, for a consultation at our office.